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The indicate that most farmers had a moderate level of ISB. The most frequently accessed sources were mobile applications, extension institutions, and progressive farmers. The quantity of onions produced is not sufficient enough to meet the demands for both domestic requirement and exports [ 53 ]. Open Access Article.

A total of respondents were determined as the total sample size for data collection.

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Get Support. Globally, agricultural information and knowledge are a source of power and the most important capital among other types of capital for improving and sustaining agricultural production [ 45 ]. No special permission is required to reuse all or part of the article published by MDPI, including figures and tables. You can make submissions to other journals here.

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Feedback Please let us know what you think of our products and services. Thirty-seven percent of onion farmers in the study area during the — agricultural season depended fully on onion production, while the others cultivated other crops such as palm, onions, tomatoes, okra, eggplants, rice, and grapes [ 53 ]. Google Scholar. All articles published by MDPI are made immediately available worldwide under an open access. They have a ificant effect on improving soil health, increasing the availability of mineral nutrients for plants, and stimulating plant growth through different mechanisms connected with microbial activity [ 29323334 ].

Exploring the relationship between information-seeking behavior and adoption of biofertilizers among onion farmers

Feature Papers represent the most advanced research with ificant potential for high impact in the field. This type of paper provides an outlook on future directions of research or possible applications. The present study fills this research gap by gathering survey data from onion farmers in the eastern region of Saudi Arabia. It has also been confirmed that biofertilizers are now widely employed as remediation agents for pesticide-contaminated soil [ 304344 ]; this is important for the biological reclamation of degraded lands, including soils contaminated by industry and mining [ 454647 ]; and for the enhancement of plant water-stress tolerance, especially in arid and semi-arid areas [ 48495051 ].

The decision to adopt a particular innovation is affected by the information the farmer gains, as well as his or her knowledge and attitude toward innovation [ 19 ]. The survey was performed between December and February Face-to-face interviews were conducted using structured questionnaires. Recently, there has been increasing concern about reducing and replacing chemical fertilizers with biofertilizers to enhance soil fertility and maintain agroecosystems and sustainable agricultural production.

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Keywords: adoption; information; behavior; biofertilizers; farmers adoption ; information ; behavior ; biofertilizers ; farmers. ISB is an essential component in the diffusion and adoption of agricultural innovations. In cluster analysis, the overall scores for the variables of ISB were summed for all information sources and converted into percentages.

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ISB is a fundamental human process for lifelong learning and problem-solving [ 1011 ]. According to Petrovic, et al. For articles published under an open access Creative Common CC BYany part of the article may be reused without permission provided that the original article is clearly cited. Biofertilizers provide required nutrients to enhance the growth of onions and improve the quality.

The questionnaire was developed based on studies in the field of ISB [ 1857596061 ]. In agricultural production, ISB enables farmers to access reliable and timely information, get advice on how to use innovations, improve the quality of decision-making, and network with other actors in the agricultural knowledge and innovation system [ 31516 ].

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The present study considers the implementation of biofertilizers for onion cultivation in Saudi Arabia. Get Information. In the first stage, the farmer gains knowledge about an innovation from formal sources training, research, and extension institutions or informal sources neighbors, relatives, or friends [ 21 ]. Sixty percent of small-scale farmers produced onion on a land size of 0. Biofertilizers are described as substances containing live microorganisms useful bacteria and fungi that are applied to seeds, plant surfaces, or roots [ 2829 ].

Onion Allium cepa L. The total annual production of onions was around 70, tons — seasonwhich made the country rank 80th among the largest onion producers in the world [ 52 ]. For each information source, the overall scores for the variables of ISB accessibility, credibility, and usefulness were summed to determine the relative importance of each source. Hence, this behavior requires interaction with other persons and various information sources and systems [ 1314 ].

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Editors select a small of articles recently published in the journal that they believe will be particularly interesting to authors, or important in this field. The second stage is about forming an attitude about the innovation; then the farmer makes a decision, implements it, and confirms it in the last stage [ 20 ]. Based on the reviewed literature, there have been a variety of studies on the factors influencing the adoption of innovations and the information-seeking behavior of farmers in general, but there is limited evidence on the relationship between ISB and the adoption of onion farmers in particular.

This process of interacting with information sources is called information-seeking behavior ISB [ 9 ].

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The district was selected for data collection due to its fertile land and high rate of onion production in the governorate. Article Menu. Additionally, adoption behavior is a function of a psychological process and a diffusion of dynamic technology from cognition to decision, which is affected by three main factors: i the characteristics of individuals, ii the characteristics and relative performance of the innovation, and iii the social and cultural characteristics of the community [ 24252627 ].

Furthermore, information opens windows for new markets for providing experiences, adopting best practices, and finding sources of financial aid [ 67 ].

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The present study employed a quantitative research approach. Biofertilizers are one of the most popular innovations applied to ensure sustainable agricultural production in recent years. The developed instrument focused on collecting data on the socioeconomic characteristics, the adoption of biofertilizers, and ISB of farmers.

Biofertilizers are classified into three : nitrogen-fixing, phosphorous solubilizing and mobilizing, and micronutrient biofertilizers [ 30 ]. The Feature Paper can be either an original research article, a substantial novel research study that often involves several techniques or approaches, or a comprehensive review paper with concise and precise updates on the latest progress in the field that systematically reviews the most exciting advances in scientific literature.

A cross-sectional survey de was adopted, using a questionnaire as the overarching research strategy. Additionally, few studies have attempted to evaluate the adoption of biofertilizers, particularly in the context of Saudi Arabia. Give Feedback. Fahd O. Muhammad Muddassir. Alotaibi, B. Alhafi Aldosri, F. Muddassir, M. Kassem, H. Need Help? Introduction The production of goods and services in the knowledge-based economy is based on knowledge-intensive activities that contribute to innovative ideas, information, and practices [ 1 ].

Onion seeds are cultivated in nurseries from October to November, and are then transplanted to land for four months December to the end of March [ 54 ].

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According toWalkiewicz, et al. The aim is to provide a snapshot of some of the most exciting work published in the various research areas of the journal. Support Find support for a specific problem in the support section of our website.

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Parmar et al. Feature Papers are submitted upon individual invitation or recommendation by the scientific editors and undergo peer review prior to publication. The study was conducted in Al-Umran district Al-Umran district is located in the eastern part of the Al-Ahsa Oasis, the largest oasis in the world, with a total area of ha. Furthermore, biofertilizers increase volatile organic compounds due to the normal metabolic activities of microorganisms which play a key role as als in plant—microbe interactions and stimulating plant growth [ 353637 ].

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Source: Kassem, et al. Biofertilizers not only can increase crop productivity and improve soil microbial balance, but may also have the potential to prevent plant pests and diseases by indirect competition with, or direct inhibition of, pathogens through their metabolic activities [ 3839404142 ].

Therefore, farmers should develop information literacy by accessing and collecting relevant information in a timely manner from varied sources to meet their needs and overcome agricultural problems [ 28 ]. Seventy percent of onion production comes from smallholder farmers, mainly in the Al-Hasa Oasis.

The data collection tool was first prepared in Arabic and then translated into English. It was concluded that understanding the relationship between adoption and ISB could assist policymakers in focusing on knowledge diffusion when deing extension programs and advisory services to facilitate better usage of biofertilizers.

Materials and methods

In the era of the knowledge economy and the evolution of information communication technologies over the last 20 years, the agriculture sector has become an information-intensive industry [ 23 ]. Bader Alhafi Alotaibi. Given that knowledge of biofertilizers is information-intensive, the lack of information-seeking behavior ISB might be the primary constraint for farmers adopting biofertilizers. This response can be observed by more N absorption and effective synthesis of more carotenoids and chlorophylls [ 56 ].