The alluvial soils in the bottomlands along the many rivers and streams, which are among the most extensive in the country, also add to the farming potentiality.
The possibility of another devastating earthquake of a magnitude comparable to those centred at New Madrid in —12 cannot be discounted. Except for the rivers that flow generally southeasterly into the Mississippi, many through Arkansas, the Missouri River drains most of the state. Missouri was the westernmost state of the union until the admission of Texas inand for decades it served as the eastern terminus of the Santa Fe and Oregon trails.
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See all media. Facebook Twitter. Missouriconstituent state of the United States of America.
The St. Francois Mountains in the eastern Ozarks exhibit igneous granite and rhyolite outcroppings, while the rest of the state is underlain by sedimentary rocks—mainly limestones, dolomites, sandstone, and shale. Francis River flows from the Missouri Bootheel into Arkansas at an elevation of about feet 70 metres.
By Milton D. Seal of Missouri. Missouri was the name of a group of indigenous people who lived in the area at the time of European settlement; the French named the river after the native communityand the river, in turn, gave its name to the state. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.
Table Of Contents. For the western territories, St. For the eastern United States, Missouri had a reputation as the chief gateway to points west.
Capital: Jefferson City Show more Population: 5,; est. Print print Print. Missouri: state flower. Missouri: state bird. Additional Info. Gateway Arch framing downtown St. Louis, Missouri, U. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Missouri is tectonically stable except for the southeastern portion, where small earth tremors occur. Population 5,; est. Much of the land is 1, to 1, feet to metres above sea levelalthough near the western border the elevations rarely rise above feet metres.
Drainage and soils
About 90 miles km south of St. Louis is Taum Sauk Mountain ; with an elevation of 1, feet metresit is the highest point in the state. In this area the land is characterized by gently rolling hills, fertile plains, and well-watered prairie country.
Area 69, square milessquare km. It has represented the political and social sentiments of a border state since its admission as the 24th member of the union on August 10, The question of its admission as a slave state or as a free state produced in the U. Congress the Missouri Compromisewhich regulated the spread of slavery in the western territories.
Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. The Lake of the Ozarksimpounded by the Bagnell Dam on the Osage Riverhas an area of 93 square miles square km and a shoreline of some 1, miles 2, km ; it is among the largest man-made lakes in the country.
South of the Missouri, a large portion of the state lies in the Ozark Mountains. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Missouri embodies a unique but dynamic balance between the urban and the rural and between the liberal and the conservative.
Located near the centre of the conterminous United States, Missouri is the meeting place of the eastern timberlands and western prairies and of the southern cotton fields and the northern cornfields. Northern Missouri, much of it covered by rich glacial and loessial soils, is generally well drained.
The part of Missouri that lies north of the Missouri River was once glaciated.
Show more Governor: Mike Parson Republican Show more Date Of Admission: August 10, Show more U. Show more. External Websites. Full Article. Subscribe Now. Load Next .
It is an area abounding with caves and extraordinarily large natural springs. With the exception of Tennessee, Missouri has more neighbouring states than any other U. Louis in the east, where it s the Mississippi.
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Fast Facts. The state ranks high in the United States in terms of urbanization and industrial activity, but it also maintains a vigorous and diversified agriculture. In far southeastern Missouri lies a part of the alluvial plain of the Mississippi Riverwhere elevations are less than feet metres.